Standard Windows code samples (in Java)

Select an item in a combo box

This example uses standard Windows test objects, such as, Window, Menu and ComboBox and their respective properties, to select a font type in a combo box.

The program flow is as follows:

  1. Launch Notepad.
  2. Open the Format > Font menu item.
  3. Select Arial from the Font combo-box.
  4. Use the Verify statement to verify that Arial is the selected font in the combo-box.
@Test
public void testComboBox() throws GeneralLeanFtException, IOException, InterruptedException {
        
	// Launch the Notepad application.
	new ProcessBuilder("C:\\Windows\\System32\\notepad.exe").start();
	// Pause to ensure Notepad has fully opened on the computer. 
	Thread.sleep(4 * 1000); 

	// Locate the Notepad window and assign it to an Window object.
	Window notepadWindow = Desktop.describe(Window.class, new WindowDescription.Builder().windowClassRegExp("Notepad").windowTitleRegExp(" Notepad").build());        

	// Locate the Notepad menu and assign it to a Menu object.
	Menu notepadMenu = notepadWindow.describe(Menu.class, new MenuDescription(MenuType.MENU));

	// Build the path for the Font menu item, which is the second item in the Format menu in Notepad.
	String path = notepadMenu.buildMenuPath("Format", 2);
	// Use the path to retrieve the actual Font menu item object. 
	MenuItem menuItem = notepadMenu.getItem(path);
	// Open the Font dialog using the font menu item.        
	notepadMenu.select(menuItem); 

	// Locate the Font dialog box and assign it to a Dialog object.
	Dialog notepadFontDialog = notepadWindow.describe(Dialog.class, new DialogDescription.Builder().windowTitleRegExp("Font").build());

	// Locate the Font combo box in the Font dialog box and assign it to a ComboBox object.
	ComboBox fontsComboBox = notepadFontDialog.describe(ComboBox.class, new ComboBoxDescription.Builder().attachedText("&Font:").nativeClass("ComboBox").build());
	// Select the "Arial" font in the combo box.
	fontsComboBox.select("Arial");

	// Retrieve the selected combo box item
	String selectedFont = fontsComboBox.getSelectedItem();
	// Verify the selected combo box item is "Arial"
	Verify.areEqual("Arial", selectedFont, "TestComboBox-Verify-Font", "Verify the selected combobox item is 'Arial'.");

	// Locate the Cancel button in the dialog box and assign it to a Button object.
	Button cancelButton = notepadFontDialog.describe(Button.class, new ButtonDescription.Builder().text("Cancel").nativeClass("Button").build());
	// Click "Cancel" in the dialog box.
	cancelButton.click(); 

	// Build the path for the Exit menu item, which is the seventh item in the File menu in Notepad.
	path = notepadMenu.buildMenuPath("File", 7);
	menuItem = notepadMenu.getItem(path);
	// Exit and close Notepad. 
	notepadMenu.select(menuItem); 
}

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Identify a Button object with Visual Relations Identifiers (VRI)

This example uses Visual Relation Identification (VRI) to locate and click a button in the standard Windows calculator.

The program flow is as follows:

  1. Launch calculator.
  2. Locate button numbers 2 and 4 using their WindowId.
  3. Locate button number 1 using VRI, specifying the location of button number 1 in relation to buttons number 2 and 4.
  4. Click button number 1.
  5. Verify that 1 is printed in the calculator's static text control.
@Test
public void testCalcButtonsUsingVri() throws GeneralLeanFtException, IOException, InterruptedException {
		
	//Launch the Calculator application.
	Process calc = new ProcessBuilder("C:\\Windows\\System32\\calc.exe").start();
		
	//Pause to ensure Calculator has fully opened. 
	Thread.sleep(4 * 1000); 
        
	try {
		//Create the WindowDescription object for the Calculator application window.
		WindowDescription calculatorDescription = new WindowDescription.Builder().nativeClass("CalcFrame").build();
			 
		// Locate the Calculator window and assign it to an Window object.
		Window calculator = Desktop.describe(Window.class, calculatorDescription);
			
		// Identify the Calculator window static text.
		Static textBox = calculator.describe(Static.class, new StaticDescription.Builder().windowId(150).nativeClass("Static").build());

		// Locate the number 2 and number 4 buttons on the Calculator.
		Button button4 = calculator.describe(Button.class, new ButtonDescription.Builder().windowId(134).nativeClass("Button").build());
		Button button2 = calculator.describe(Button.class, new ButtonDescription.Builder().windowId(132).nativeClass("Button").build());

		// Locate the number 1 button on the Calculator based on the location of the number 2 and 4 buttons.
		Button button1 = calculator.describe(Button.class, new ButtonDescription.Builder().nativeClass("Button").
		vri(
			// The number 2 button is to the right of the number 1 button.
			new VisualRelation().setTestObject(button2).setHorizontalRelation(HorizontalVisualRelation.RIGHT),
			// The number 4 button is above the number 1 button. 
			new VisualRelation().setTestObject(button4).setVerticalRelation(VerticalVisualRelation.ABOVE)).build());
			
		// Click the number 1 button. 
		button1.click();
		// The number 1 should appear on the Calculator's output screen. 
		String visibleText = textBox.getVisibleText();
		// Ensure that the number 1 appears on the screen. 
		Verify.areEqual("1", visibleText, "TestCalcButtonsUsingVri", "Verify that the number '1' appears on the calculator's output screen.");
	} finally {
		// Exit and close the Calculator.
		calc.destroy();
	}
}

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See also: