App packaging and signing services
Mobile Center supports testing both packaged and non-packaged native and hybrid apps.
A packaged app is an app that Mobile Center has repackaged with record and replay libraries.
Although both packaged and non-package apps are supported by Mobile Center, packaging is still required
|MC version 1.52 or earlier||Tests created with Mobile Center 1.52 or earlier for both hybrid and native apps.|
To generate transaction response time information.
For photo, video, and fingerprint authentication simulation. iOS GPS simulation also requires a packaged app.
There are also some differences between packaged and non-packaged apps in the following areas:
- Full Device Automation functionality such as cross-app recording and recording of system apps, is not supported in packaged apps.
- Support for touch gestures.
- Object recognition.
For more details, see the the Readme.
For UFT, see also the Object Method Reference for UFT .
Considerations when using non-packaged hybrid apps
When using non-packaged hybrid apps, note the following:
- For Android apps, remote content debugging must be enabled. For details, see Enable remote content debugging of Android apps.
- iOS hybrid apps must be signed with a development certificate of either an Apple Developer or Enterprise Account. For the certificates required, see iOS app signing.
Mobile Center packaging and signing services
Mobile Center supports testing both packaged and non-packaged native and hybrid apps. This gives you the option of selecting either a packaged app, or the original version, when running a test.
By default, auto packaging is set to ON. When you upload an app, both a packaged and non-packaged version of the app are saved. To disable packaging, set the auto-packaging toggle in the APPS page to OFF.
Whenever the content of an app package is changed, for example when the app is repackaged with record and replay libraries, the app also needs to be re-signed. If the app package is not re-signed, you will not be able to install the app on a device.
When the auto-packaging toggle is set to ON, Android apps uploaded to the Mobile Lab are automatically packaged with record and replay libraries and signed with a debug certificate. However, if you want to use the packaged version of an Android app that uses services requiring a private key, such as Google Maps or the Authentication service, you will need to repackage the app manually with your own certificate and upload it to the Lab. For details, see Package an Android app manually.
To enable automatic packaging and signing of apps by Mobile Center, the administrator needs to Set up automatic app packaging and signing services.
When working with many devices and workspaces, you may need to use different signing services for your devices. For example, in iOS environments you can only sign up to 100 devices with a single certificate. In addition, you may need to provide a solution for one group, without having to rely on the certificate from another group.
Beginning with version 2.80, Mobile Center allows admins to define other packaging services in addition to the primary packaging service, and assign them to different workspaces. This feature lets you assign a separate certificate to specific users, who are assigned to the same workspace.
Note: This feature is available only with a Trial, Enterprise, or Ultimate license. For more details, see Mobile Center editions.
Once a signing service is assigned to a workspace, all apps uploaded in that workspace will be packaged with the iOS packaging service defined for that workspace. As an admin, you can also remove packaging services, but not the primary one.
Note that the Agents are always signed with the primary packaging service. For details on how to distribute the signed Agents, see View and manage connectors (Admin only).
To test an iOS app with Mobile Center, you may need to re-sign your app. This section explains when you need to re-sign your app.
Other iOS apps
|Application under Test||Mode||Re-sign required?||Required certificate|
|iOS native app||Packaged app||Yes. This is part of the packaging process.||Any type of certificate of either an Apple Developer or Enterprise account|
|iOS native app||Non- packaged app||No, unless your organization needs to re-sign the app for some specific reason.||Any type of certificate of either an Apple Developer or Enterprise account|
|iOS hybrid app||Packaged app||Yes||
For iOS versions 8.4.1 and higher: Development certificate of an Apple Developer account
For versions lower than iOS 8.4.1: Development certificate of either an Apple Developer or Enterprise account
|iOS hybrid app||Non-packed app||Yes||To identify WebView, development certificate of an Apple Developer account|