You can track and measure waste time for backlog and quality items.
Waste tracking is based on an item's phases or specific conditions associated with waste. Depending on an item's phase or condition, a business rule associates the item with a category from the Waste category list. ALM Octane then decides whether to track waste based on the waste category.
Work items. For work items, you can track waste time for items in the following metaphases: In Progress, In Testing. Waste tracking is not available for items in the New and Done metaphases. For details on the item workflow, see Workflow.
For work items, the waste category can be closely related to the phase. For example, if an item's phase is Waiting for QA, you can set its waste category to Waiting time.
Quality items. Waste tracking for quality items helps you identify waste caused by tests stuck in specific phases such as Awaiting Review, or blocked test runs.
For quality items, the waste category can be related to native status or to user-defined fields, depending on your specific workflow. For example, if a quality item's native status is Blocked or In Progress, this aligns more clearly to waste categories than an item's phase. Similarly if the native status of a run is Planned, this aligns more with the waste category of Planned than the run's phase.
You can analyze the scope of waste per item, release, or team.
To be able to track waste, ensure that your admin has defined the following:
- Waste categories
- Business rules that associate items with waste categories
For details, see Waste management.
ALM Octane helps you analyze waste with the help of the following views:
Work and quality items: In the grid view, add specific columns to analyze waste. For details, see Fields to analyze waste.
Work items: In the Gantt chart, the waste time is displayed as a red line under the item timeline bars. If an item moves between phases that are not associated with waste categories, a break in the red line is displayed.
Work and quality items: In the dashboard, you can add an out-of-the-box summary widget and configure it to display:
The following fields are available to help you track and analyze waste. You can include the fields in the full-page view or add them to the grids.
|Cycle time / Flow time||
Work items: Displays the total time spent on an item in days. Use the data in these columns to consider an item's waste time in relation to the item's overall cycle or flow time.
An item's cycle and flow times are calculated as follows:
Note: Flow time tracking for features and backlog items is only available in ValueEdge. Flow time tracking is not available for epics.
For details, see Cycle and flow times.
Work and quality items: Displays the category defined in the Waste category list. The category displayed depends on an item's current phase and whether the item meets the condition of a relevant business rule:
Note: The waste category is automatically updated every time an item is saved.
Work and quality items: Displays the time an item spent in a phase associated with a current waste category, as specified in the business rule condition.
Non-working days are excluded from the waste calculation.
Rules for measuring waste in backlog items
The following rules apply to tracking waste for backlog items:
|Duplicated item||When a backlog item is duplicated, waste tracking for a new item starts from scratch.|
When a backlog item is converted, waste tracking for a new item starts from scratch.
For example, when a defect is converted to a feature, the defect's waste time is reset, and waste tracking for the feature starts from scratch.
|An item moved to another workspace||
When an item is moved to another workspace, the item's waste time remains unchanged, and continues being measured in the target workspace.
Note: Waste time of a work item, such as feature or epic, is not an aggregation of its child items' waste time. In some cases, a parent item may not have waste, unlike its child items.