Rnd[(number)] |
Remarks
The number argument can be any valid numeric expression.
The Rnd function returns a value less than 1 but greater than or equal to 0. The value of number determines how Rnd generates a random number:
If number is | Rnd generates |
---|---|
Less than zero |
The same number every time, using number as the seed. |
Greater than zero |
The next random number in the sequence. |
Equal to zero |
The most recently generated number. |
Not supplied |
The next random number in the sequence. |
For any given initial seed, the same number sequence is generated because each successive call to the Rnd function uses the previous number as a seed for the next number in the sequence.
Before calling Rnd, use the Randomize statement without an argument to initialize the random-number generator with a seed based on the system timer.
To produce random integers in a given range, use this formula:
Copy Code | |
---|---|
Int((upperbound - lowerbound + 1) * Rnd + lowerbound) |
Here, upperbound is the highest number in the range, and lowerbound is the lowest number in the range.