Web code samples (Java SDK)

Send keystrokes to the AUT

// Describe the search edit field 
EditField ef = browser.describe(EditField.class, new EditFieldDescription.Builder()
.type("text").tagName("INPUT").name("_nkw").build());
       
// Type "ft" in the search box
ef.setValue("ft");
       
// Use the Mouse class to click on the edit field 
java.awt.Point abs = ef.getAbsoluteLocation();
java.awt.Point p = new java.awt.Point(abs.x + 5, abs.y + 5);
Mouse.click(p);
       
// Use the Keyboard class to send the Enter key
Keyboard.pressKey((byte)28);

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Navigate to a web site

This example uses the Verify command to verify navigation to a web site.

@Test
public void verify_linkNavigatesToAboutTravelSite() throws Exception 
{
    // Launch the Chrome browser.
    Browser browser = BrowserFactory.launch(BrowserType.CHROME);
    try {
          // Navigate to the Advantage Online Shopping website.
          browser.navigate("http://advantageonlineshopping.com/#/");

          // Click the "Speakers" link (in the top-left side of the page).
          browser.describe(Link.class, new LinkDescription.Builder()
                    .innerText("SPEAKERS Shop Now ")
                    .tagName("DIV").build()).click();

          // Wait for the browser to complete the navigation.
          browser.sync();

          // Verify that the correct Web page opens.
          Verify.areEqual("http://advantageonlineshopping.com/#/category/Speakers/4", browser.getURL(),
                          "Verify_linkNavigatesSpeakersSite", "Verify that the browser's URL is as expected.");
    } 
    catch (Error e) {
                        Reporter.reportEvent("Verify_SpeakersOpensCorrectly", "Failed during test", Status.Failed, e);
                        throw e;
    } 
    finally {
                  browser.close();
    }
}		

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Access Web objects in a tab opened by the AUT

UFT Developerrecognizes browser windows and tabs that it opens (for example, via BrowserFactory.Launch).

However, if a browser is opened outside of the UFT Developercontext, you need to use the Attach method to acquire the IBrowser Interface instance for the browser tab or window.

For example, you need to attach a browser if:

This example attaches a newly opened browser tab.

@Test
public void Verify_AccessWebObjectsInTabOpenedByAUT() throws Exception
{
    //Launch the Chrome browser.
    Browser browser = BrowserFactory.launch(BrowserType.CHROME);
    // Use Try/Catch to add a warning to the run report if the validation fails.
    try{
         //Navigate to the Advantage Online Shopping website.      
         browser.navigate("http://advantageonlineshopping.com/");

         // Click the "Speakers" link (on the left side of the page).
         browser.describe(Link.class, new LinkDescription.Builder()
                    .innerText("SPEAKERS Shop Now ")
                    .tagName("DIV").build()).click();

         //Attach the new (replacement) browser tab.
         Browser aboutTab = BrowserFactory.attach(new BrowserDescription.Builder().title("Advantage Shopping").build());

         //Create a description for the page.
         Page aboutTitle = aboutTab.describe(Page.class, new PageDescription.Builder()
                           .title("Advantage Shopping").index(0).build());

         //Validate that a page title exists.
         Verify.isTrue(aboutTitle.exists(), "Verify_AccessWebObjectsInTabOpenedByAUT",
                                            "Validate that the title page exists.");
     }
     catch(Error e){
                     // Add a log message to the results report on failure.
                     Reporter.reportEvent("Verify_AboutOpensCorrectly","Failed during test",Status.Failed, e);
                     throw e;
    }
    finally{
             browser.close();
   }
}

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Use Verify to validate a successful log in

This example validates the success of a log in operation by checking for the account name at the top of the screen.

@Test
public void verify_UserCanSuccessfullyLogIn() throws Exception 
{
    // Navigate to the Advantage Online Shopping website.
    Browser browser = BrowserFactory.launch(BrowserType.CHROME);
    browser.navigate("http://advantageonlineshopping.com/");

    try{
         // Open the menu to navigate to the log in option.
         Link userMenuLink = browser.describe(Link.class, new LinkDescription.Builder()
                 .cssSelector("a#menuUserLink")
                 .tagName("A").build());
         userMenuLink.click();

         // Log in to the web site.
         EditField username = browser.describe(EditField.class, new EditFieldDescription.Builder()
                  .type("text").name("userName").build());
         EditField password = browser.describe(EditField.class, new EditFieldDescription.Builder()
                  .type("password").name("password").build());

         // Set the username and password.
         username.setValue("mercury");
         password.setValue("55940Fd62c96");

         // Click the SIGN IN button.
         browser.describe(Button.class, new ButtonDescription.Builder()
                    .buttonType("button")
                    .name("SIGN IN")
                    .tagName("BUTTON").build()).click();

         //Verify that user name appears in the top-right corner after logging in.
         Verify.isTrue(userMenuLink.getInnerText().contains("mercury"), "Verify_UserCanSuccessfullyLogIn",
                                         "Verify that user name appears in the top-right corner after logging in.");
    }
    catch(Error e){
                    Reporter.reportEvent("Verify_UserCanSuccessfullyLogIn","Failed during test",Status.Failed, e);
                    throw e;
    }
    finally{
             browser.close();
    }
}			

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Identify an object by its XPath

This example will locate the log in button using it's XPath and then verify that the credential field are visible.

@Test
public void verify_IdentifyLoginButtonByXPath() throws Exception 
{
    // Identify the user login using XPath and verify the login dialog.// Open the Chrome browser.
    Browser browser = BrowserFactory.launch(BrowserType.CHROME);

    // Use try-catch to add a warning to the run report if the Verify validation fails.
    try {
          // Navigate to the Advantage Online Shopping website
          browser.navigate("http://advantageonlineshopping.com/");

          // Locate the login button using its XPath.
          Link userMenuLink = browser.describe(Link.class, new XPathDescription("//A[@id=\"menuUserLink\"]"));
          userMenuLink.highlight();
          userMenuLink.click();

          // Enclosing the Verify method in a try-catch statement ensures the application does not throw a 
          // runtime error if the Verify returns false. Verify that the log in fields are visible
          EditField username = browser.describe(EditField.class, new EditFieldDescription.Builder()
                       .type("text").name("userName").build());
          EditField password = browser.describe(EditField.class, new EditFieldDescription.Builder()
                       .type("password").name("password").build());

          Verify.isTrue(username.exists(), "Verify_IdentifyLoginButtonByXPath", 
                                           "Verify that user name field is visible after identifying the login button after XPath.");
          Verify.isTrue(password.exists(), "Verify_IdentifyLoginButtonByXPath",
                                           "Verify that password field is visible after identifying the login button after XPath.");
    }
    catch(Error e){
                             // Adds a step to the results report on failure.
                             Reporter.reportEvent("Verify_IdentifyLoginButtonByXPath",
                                                  "Failed during validation",Status.Failed, e);
                             throw e;
    }
    finally{
             browser.close();
    }
}

Identify an edit box via a CSS selector

This example shows how to verify that a suggestion box opens when a value is entered in a search box.

It includes:

@Test
public void verify_SearchSuggestionsAreOpenUponUserInput() throws Exception{

	//Launch the Chrome browser and navigate to the web site.
	Browser browser = BrowserFactory.launch(BrowserType.CHROME);
	browser.navigate("http://www.google.com");
        
	// Use Try/Catch to add a warning to the run report if the validation fails.
	try
	{
		// Enter the value "Some Text" in the search box.
		EditField search = browser.describe(EditField.class,new EditFieldDescription.Builder().name("q").build());
		search.setValue("Some Text");
		// Simulate a single key down event to trigger the opening of the suggestion box.
		search.fireEvent(EventInfoFactory.createEventInfo("onkeydown"));

		// Wait until the suggestion box opens.
		WebElement suggestions = browser.describe(WebElement.class,new CSSDescription(".sbsb_a"));
		WaitUntilTestObjectState.waitUntil(suggestions,new WaitUntilEvaluator<WebElement>(){
			public boolean evaluate(WebElement suggestionBox){
				try{
					return suggestionBox.exists() && suggestionBox.isVisible();                        			
				}
				catch(Exception e){
					return false;
				}
			}
		});
         
		// Verify that the suggestion box exists.
		Verify.isTrue(suggestions.exists(), "Verify Search Suggestions UserInput Control Exists", 
                                                   "Verify that the suggestion box exists.");
		Verify.isTrue(suggestions.isVisible(), "Verify Search Suggestions UserInput Control Is Visible",
                                                      "Verify that the suggestion box is visible.");
	}
	catch(Error e){
		// Use a ReportEvent step to add details to the run report if the validation fails.
		Reporter.reportEvent("verify_SearchSuggestionsAreOpenUponUserInput","Failed during test",Status.Failed, e);
		throw e;
	}
	finally{
		browser.close();
	}	
		}

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Retrieve list items and print them

The following example shows how to retrieve values from a list and print them.

The test will sign in to the AUT, add some items to the shopping cart, and then print the values to the console.

@Test
public void verify_retrieveShoppingCartValues() throws Exception 
{
    // The test will go to the AUT, add some items to the shopping cart, and then print the values to the console.
    //Open the Chrome browser. 
    Browser browser = BrowserFactory.launch(BrowserType.CHROME);

    // Navigate to the Advantage Online Shopping website.
    browser.navigate("https://www.advantageonlineshopping.com");

    // Navigate to the "Speakers" link (on the top-left side of the page).
    browser.describe(Link.class, new LinkDescription.Builder()
               .innerText("SPEAKERS Shop Now ")
               .tagName("DIV").build()).click();

    // Click the Bose Soundlink Bluetooth Speaker III item.
    WebElement boseSoundlinkBluetoothSpeaker = browser.describe(WebElement.class, new WebElementDescription.Builder()
               .innerText("SOLD OUT SHOP NOW Bose Soundlink Bluetooth Speaker III $269.99 ")
               .tagName("LI").build());
    boseSoundlinkBluetoothSpeaker.click();

    // Identify the "ADD TO CART" button. 
    Button saveToCartButton = browser.describe(Button.class, new ButtonDescription.Builder()
                .buttonType("submit")
                .name("ADD TO CART")
                .tagName("BUTTON").build());

    // Add the selected item to cart.  
    saveToCartButton.click();

    // Navigate back to speakers.
    Link speakersLink = browser.describe(Link.class, new LinkDescription.Builder()
                .innerText("SPEAKERS ")
                .tagName("A").build());
    speakersLink.click();

    // Click the Bose SoundLink Wireless Speaker item.
    WebElement boseSoundLinkWirelessSpeaker  = browser.describe(WebElement.class, new WebElementDescription.Builder()
                  .innerText("SOLD OUT SHOP NOW Bose SoundLink Wireless Speaker $129.00 ")
                  .tagName("LI").build());
    boseSoundLinkWirelessSpeaker.click();

    // Add the selected item to cart.
    saveToCartButton.click();

    // Go to the shopping cart.
    browser.describe(Link.class, new LinkDescription.Builder()
                .accessibilityName("ShoppingCart")
                .role("link")
                .tagName("A").build()).click();

    Table shoppingCartTable = browser.describe(Table.class, new TableDescription.Builder()
                 .index(1)
                 .role("")
                 .tagName("TABLE").build());

    // Identify the items in the shopping cart Table element.  
    TableRow wirelessSpeakerCartRow  = shoppingCartTable.findRowWithCellText("WIRELESS");
    TableRow bluetoothSpeakerCartRow  = shoppingCartTable.findRowWithCellText("BLUETOOTH");

    // Print the shopping cart cells to the console.
    for (TableCell cell: wirelessSpeakerCartRow.getCells()) {
           System.out.println("cellText: " + cell.getText() + " ");
    }

    for (TableCell cell: bluetoothSpeakerCartRow.getCells()) {
           System.out.println("cellText: " + cell.getText() + " ");
    }

    // Close the browser.
    browser.close();
}			

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Retrieve and validate list values

This example will retrieve items from a drop-down list in the application and validate their values.

@Test
public void verify_RetrieveProductCategoriesFromProductsListBox() throws Exception 
{
    // Open the Chrome browser.
    Browser browser = BrowserFactory.launch(BrowserType.CHROME);

    try {
          // Navigate to the Advantage Online Shopping website.
          browser.navigate("https://www.advantageonlineshopping.com/");

          // Navigate to the "CONTACT US" link
          browser.describe(Link.class, new LinkDescription.Builder()
                   .innerText("CONTACT US")
                   .tagName("A").build()).click();

         // Indentify the product categories list box
         ListBox categoryListBox = browser.describe(ListBox.class, new ListBoxDescription.Builder()
                    .name("categoryListboxContactUs")
                    .tagName("SELECT").build());

         // Get the list items to verify.
         ListItem laptopListItem = categoryListBox.getItems().get(1);
         ListItem headphonesListItem = categoryListBox.getItems().get(2);

         // Verify that the list items correspond with the expected values.
         Verify.areEqual(laptopListItem.getText(), "Laptops",  "verify_RetrieveProductCategoriesFromProductsListBox", 
                                                                 "Verify that the first category is \"Laptops\"");
         Verify.areEqual(headphonesListItem.getText(), "Headphones", "verify_RetrieveProductCategoriesFromProductsListBox",
                                                       "Verify that the second category is \"Headphones\"");
    }
    catch(Error e){
                    Reporter.reportEvent("verify_RetrieveProductCategoriesFromProductsListBox",
                                         "Failed during test",Status.Failed, e);
                    throw e;
    }
    finally{
             browser.close();
    }
}			

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Verify a suggestion box contains values

This example shows how to verify that a suggestion box contains suggestions. This test:

  1. Navigates to the AUT.
  2. Opens the suggestion box from the search box.
  3. Waits until the suggestion box opens.
  4. Verifies that the suggestion box contains at least one suggestion.
@Test
public void verify_SearchSuggestionsAreOpenUponUserInputAndShowsSuggestions() throws Exception{
	// The test navigates to the AUT, opens the suggestion box from the search box, waits until the suggestion box opens,
	// and verifies that the suggestion box contains at least one suggestion.
		
	//Launch the Chrome browser and navigate to the web site.
	Browser browser = BrowserFactory.launch(BrowserType.CHROME);
	browser.navigate("http://www.google.com");

	try
	{
		//Enter the value "Some Text" in the search box.
		EditField search = browser.describe(EditField.class,new EditFieldDescription.Builder().name("q").build());
		search.setValue("Some Text");
		//Simulate a single key down event to trigger the opening of the suggestion box.
		search.fireEvent(EventInfoFactory.createEventInfo("onkeydown"));

		//Identify the suggestion box using a CSS selector and wait until the suggestion box opens.
		WebElement suggestions = browser.describe(WebElement.class,new WebElementDescription.Builder().cssSelector(".sbsb_a").build());
		WaitUntilTestObjectState.waitUntil(suggestions,new WaitUntilEvaluator<WebElement>(){
			public boolean evaluate(WebElement suggestionBox){
				try{
					return suggestionBox.exists() && suggestionBox.isVisible();                        			
				}
				catch(Exception e){
					return false;
				}
			}
		});
            
		WebElement[] suggestionList = suggestions.findChildren(WebElement.class, new WebElementDescription.Builder().tagName("LI").build());
         
		//Verify that the suggestion box exists and contains content.
		Verify.isTrue(suggestions.isVisible(), "Verify_SearchSuggestionsAreOpenUponUserInput", "Verify suggestion box exists.");
		Verify.greater(suggestionList.length, 0, "Verify_SearchSuggestionsAreOpenUponUserInput", "Verify suggestion box contains content.");
	}
	catch(Error e){
		// Use a ReportEvent step to add details to the run report if the validation fails.
		Reporter.reportEvent("verify_SearchSuggestionsAreOpenUponUserInput","Failed during test",Status.Failed, e);
		browser.close();
		throw e;
	}
		}

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Identify an object using Visual Relation Identifiers (VRI)

This example shows how to use a symbol near a control in order to identify the control instead of using the control's properties.

This is helpful for controls that are generic, but are marked by specific symbols.

@Test
public void Verify_MenuHelpItemUsingVRI() throws Exception
{
    // In order to identify the help expand arrow in the top-right corner,
    // We will use the question mark symbol that is next to the arrow.
    // Open the Chrome browser and navigate to the Advantage Online Shopping website.
    Browser browser = BrowserFactory.launch(BrowserType.CHROME);
    browser.navigate("https://www.advantageonlineshopping.com/");
    try {
          // Define the the question mark element next to the help expand arrow.
          WebElement menuHelpWebElement = browser.describe(WebElement.class, new WebElementDescription.Builder()
                         .accessibilityName("")
                         .index(5)
                         .innerText("")
                         .tagName("svg").build());

         // Define the visual relation identifier for the arrow, adding the test object described above.
         VisualRelation menuHelpVRI = new VisualRelation();
         menuHelpVRI.setHorizontalRelation(HorizontalVisualRelation.RIGHT);
         menuHelpVRI.setTestObject(menuHelpWebElement);
         menuHelpVRI.setProximityRelation(ProximityVisualRelation.CLOSEST_ON_X_AXIS);

         // Define the help arrow object using the VRI.
         Image downArrowImage = browser.describe(Image.class, new ImageDescription.Builder()
                          .vri(menuHelpVRI).build());

         // Verify that the icon is visible.
         Verify.isTrue(downArrowImage.isVisible(), "Verify_MenuHelpItemUsingVRI", 
                                                   "Verify that the menu help icon is visible using VRI.");
        }
        catch (Error e) {
                          Reporter.reportEvent("Verify_MenuHelpItemUsingVRI", "Failed during test", Status.Failed, e);
                          throw e;
        }
        finally {
                  browser.close();
       }
}
		

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Verify objects using HTML attributes

This example will get all the images in the AUT's main page and verify that all images contain the tagName attribute.

Note: This test should fail, as not all images on this page have a tagName attribute.

@Test
public void verify_AllImagesContainTagNameAttribute() throws Exception
{
    // Launch the Chrome browser and navigate to the Advantage Online Shopping website.
    Browser browser = BrowserFactory.launch(BrowserType.CHROME);
    browser.navigate("https://www.advantageonlineshopping.com/");
    try {
          // Click the "Speakers" link (on the left side of the page). 
          browser.describe(Link.class, new LinkDescription.Builder()
                   .innerText("SPEAKERS Shop Now ") 
                   .tagName("DIV").build()).click();

          List<Image> images = new ArrayList(Arrays.asList(browser.getPage().findChildren(Image.class, 
                      new ImageDescription.Builder()
                                   .alt("")
                                   .tagName("IMG")
                                   .type(com.hp.lft.sdk.web.ImageType.NORMAL).build())));


          for(Image image : images){
                                     Verify.isNotNullOrEmpty(image.getAttribute("tagName"), 
                                     "verify_AllImagesContainTagNameAttribute",
                                     "Verify that the images have the \"tagName\" attribute. ");
          }
    }
    catch (Error e) {
                      Reporter.reportEvent("verify_AllImagesContainTagNameAttribute", 
                                           "Failed during test", Status.Failed, e);
                      throw e;
    }
    finally {
              browser.close();
    }
}			

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Use JavaScript to check that spell check is enabled

This example shows how to inject JavaScript code into your webpage to verify that the spell check functionality is enabled.

@Test
public void verify_suggestionBoxIsUsingSpellcheck() throws Exception {

	//Launch the Chrome browser and navigate to google.com.
	Browser browser = BrowserFactory.launch(BrowserType.CHROME);
	browser.navigate("http://www.google.com");

	try
	{
		//Use the JavaScript spellcheck property to determine if the spell check is enabled.
		String performSpellCheck = browser.getPage().runJavaScript("document.querySelectorAll('.sbdd_b')[0].spellcheck.toString();");
		Verify.isTrue(Boolean.parseBoolean(performSpellCheck), "Verify_UserCanEnterCredentialsAfterSignOff", "Verify that the spell check is enabled.");
	}
	catch (Error e)
	{
		Reporter.reportEvent("Verify_UserCanEnterCredentialsAfterSignOff", "Failed during test", Status.Failed, e);
		throw e;
	}
	finally
	{
		browser.close();
	}
		}

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Find an element by using regular expressions

This example uses the Describe method to create a regular expression to locate an object.

@Test
public void verify_FindElementByRegex() throws Exception 
{
    // Launch the Chrome browser and navigate to the Advantage Online Shopping website.
    Browser browser = BrowserFactory.launch(BrowserType.CHROME);
    browser.navigate("https://www.advantageonlineshopping.com");

    // Find the "Speakers" category element by Regex.
    WebElement speakersElement = browser.describe(WebElement.class, new WebElementDescription.Builder()
                                  .id(new RegExpProperty("speakers.*"))
                                  .className(new RegExpProperty(".*category.*")).build());

    //Verifies that the element is found.
    Verify.isTrue(speakersElement.exists(), "verify_FindElementByRegex", 
    "Verify that the \"Speakers\" category element is found.");
}		

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Wait for a button to exist and be enabled

This example shows waiting for a button to exist and be enabled.

@Test
public void newSynchronizationMethodsExamples() throws Exception {
	//Launch the Chrome browser.
	Browser browser = BrowserFactory.launch(BrowserType.CHROME);

	//Navigate to the Advantage Online Shopping website.
	browser.navigate("http://www.advantageonlineshopping.com/#/");

	//Click the TABLETS image link
	Link tabletsShopNowLink = browser.describe(Link.class, new LinkDescription.Builder()
			.innerText("TABLETS Shop Now ")
			.tagName("DIV").build());
			tabletsShopNowLink.click();

	Button buyNowButton = browser.describe(Button.class, new ButtonDescription.Builder()
			.buttonType("submit")
			.name("BUY NOW")
			.tagName("BUTTON").build());
		
	boolean buyNowButtonExists = buyNowButton.waitUntilExists();
	if (!buyNowButtonExists)
		throw new GeneralLeanFtException("The buy now button does not exist");

	boolean buyNowButtonEnabled = buyNowButton.waitUntilEnabled();
	if (!buyNowButtonEnabled)
	throw new GeneralLeanFtException("The buy now button is not enabled");

	boolean buyNowButtonVisible = buyNowButton.waitUntilVisible();
	if (!buyNowButtonVisible)
	throw new GeneralLeanFtException("The buy now button is not visible");
}

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See also: