The first step in the development process is building and prioritizing the product backlog. Use the Backlog module to perform this work.
Follow the procedure below to enter backlog items in ALM Octane's forms, or see Import backlog items to import your backlog from an Excel file.
To enter backlog items in ALM Octane:
- Open the Backlog module, and select either the Epics, Features, or Backlog Items tab.
Add epics, features, and user stories, according to your specifications.
- Customize the form with the fields that you want to have displayed.
- Use the Autofill feature to populate all your new backlog items with predefined values. For details see...
Optionally, create tasks for a user story in the Tasks to generate field.
- You can create the backlog items in any order, and organize them hierarchically later.
- To change a backlog item's parent, either drag the item to a different node in the tree, or edit the item's Feature or Epic field.
- To view user stories that are not associated with a feature, or features that are not associated with an epic, select the root Backlog node, and open the User Stories or Features grids.
- To associate a backlog item with a closed parent, find the feature or epic by its ID in the dropdown list.
You can create autofill templates that help you fill in new items with predefined field values.
Example: In a data set for a user story, you can include a list of tasks in the Tasks to generate field. Those tasks will be automatically created in every story that you create using this data set.
To save an autofill template:
- Fill in an Add <item> form with the field values that you want to repeat.
- At the top of the form, click Save as template.
- Choose a name for the template, and select whether you want to share the template with other users.
To apply an autofill template:
While creating a new item, select the autofill template that you want to use. The fields are automatically populated with the saved values.
Backlog items in ALM Octane do not have a fixed rank number. Instead, in any given grid, items are listed by order of their relative ranking, and numbers them from 1 to [no. of items in the grid].
New items are added to the backlog with the lowest rank.
To rank backlog items:
Click the Rank column header to sort the grid by rank.
Use these methods to change rankings:
Drag one or more items up or down the Grid View or Smart List View.
Click the rank number and type in a new value.
Right-click an item and select Rank Highest or Rank Lowest.
Note: ALM Octane does not support ranking for grouped items.
After you set ranks, ALM Octane preserves the ranking even after you sort the grid by another field. When you sort again by rank, ALM Octane restores the ranking.
The WSJF formula is a well-established method for determining epic and feature priorities. It uses parameters and a calculated measurement to determine an WSJF score for an item.
In the feature or epic details, set the value of WSJF-specific fields:
|Business Value||The item's value to customers or the business. For example, how the epic or feature affects revenue.|
|Time Criticality||The urgency to deliver the epic or feature.|
|RR | OE||The epic or feature's value in eliminating risks or creating new opportunities.|
|Cost of delay||
The difference between an epic or a feature being available now or later. The Cost of Delay is the sum of the above components:
Cost of Delay = Business Value + Time Criticality + RR | OE
|Job size||The estimated length of time need to finish the epic or feature. You measure this using your own unit (hours, story points, and so forth).|
The ratio of the cost of delay and the job size. The higher the WSJF score, the higher the priority of the epic or feature.
WSJF Score = Cost of Delay / Job Size OR
For the WSJF fields (Business Value, Time Criticality, and RR | OE), select a value from the list. For the Job Size measurement, enter any integer value.
When working in the Backlog module, you may want to update a common attribute of many items.
To update multiple backlog items:
In the Grid View or Smart List View, select up to 200 items.
Right-click and select Bulk Update.
In the Bulk Update dialog box, select up to 5 fields
Click Update to apply the changes.
Some fields cannot be updated with Bulk Update, including user-defined fields.